Digital Language Vitality | Naro

Naro (nhr)



English name Naro
Native name
SIL code nhr
Alternative names !gingkwe, !kabbakwe, //ai//e, //ai//en, //aikwe, //aisan, /ai san, /aikwe, g!inkwe, g!okwe, gaa, naron, nharo, nharon, nhauru, nhaurun, n|hai-ntse'e, n||hai, qabekho, qabekhoe, qoo, ts'ao, ts'aokhoe, tsaokhwe, tsaukwe, tserekwe, tsorokwe, |aikwe, |amkwe, |anekwe, ||aikwe, ||aisan, ||ai||e, ||ai||en
Speakers L1: 12,000 (ethnologue),
L1: 10,000 (Language and cultural empowerment of the Khoesan people: the Naro experience” (193-215) ),
L1: 14,000 (One Thousand Languages: Living, Endangered, and Lost” . Peter Austin (2008) Universi),
L1: 9,000 (Few People, Many Tongues: The Languages of Namibia” (222) . Jouni F. Maho (1998) Wi),
L1: 10,000 (The twelve modern Khoisan languages” . Matthias Brenzinger (2011)),
L1: 14,000 (Ethnologue: Languages of the World, 16th Edition (2009)” . M. Paul Lewis · SIL Interna),
L1: 10,000 (The phonological system of Naro” (117-136) . Visser, Hessel (1998) , Schladt, Mathias),
L1: 7,348 (Khoisan groups and languages” (123-142) . Lars-Gunnar Andersson and Tore Janson (1997)),
L1: 10,194 (aggregate),
L1: 9,000 (Language Endangerment in Southern and Eastern Africa” (179-204 ch. 9) . Matthias Brenzi)
Country Botswana
Region Southern Africa
Champion N/A
ISO scope I
ISO type L
ISO active yes
Integrated code nhr_____________A
Last updated Feb. 1, 2017, 3:36 p.m.


EGIDS (Ethnologue) 3
In yes
Vitality (Kornai, 2013) dead

Language packs

Windows10 input method no
Mac input no
Ubuntu input no
Windows language pack no
Mac language pack no
Ubuntu language pack no
Firefox language pack no
Firefox dictionary no
Office language pack no
Office interface pack no


Has Wikipedia no
Has Wikipedia Incubator no

NLP tools

Hunspell status
Hunspell coverage None
TreeTagger no

Open Language Archives Community

Primary texts online None
Primary texts all None
Lexical resources online 2
Lexical resources all 4
Language descriptions online 4
Language descriptions all 6
Language in online resource None
Language in any resource None
Online resource about the language 10
Any resource about the language 39


Source Crubadan
Number of documents 262
Number of words 229,132
Number of characters None
Has FLOSS spell checkers no
In Watchtower no
Has UDHR translation no

Indigenous Tweets project

Number of blogs None
Number of posts None
Number of words None
Number of users None
Number of tweets None

Swadesh lists

Has Swadesh 110 yes
Has Swadesh 207 no

Other databases

Panlex translations 20,090
In WALS no
In Omniglot no
On yes
Uriel features 13
In Leipzig Corpora no
In SIREN project no